Wood and supplementary materials are used by a carpenter to assemble and construct forms for concrete structures. Projects carpenters in the heavy and highway industry work on include bridges, retaining walls, tunnels, subways, drainage structures, hydro-electric developments, locks, dams and sewage treatment projects.
A cement mason is employed to place, finish, smooth, protect, and repair exposed concrete surfaces, such as sidewalks, driveways, roads, and dams. Concrete is a common and durable material used in heavy and highway construction comprised of a mixture of cement, sand, gravel and water.
Laborers are utilized throughout several phases of the heavy and highway construction industry. They are employed to work with small heavy equipment, hand, power and air tools, in trenching and shoring projects, traffic control, soil compaction, and a multitude of additional assigned tasks.
An operating engineer oversees the operation, maintenance and repair of heavy construction equipment including cranes, backhoes, loaders, scrapers and bulldozers. This type of equipment is essential in the heavy and highway construction industry in the creation of roads, dams, bridges and airports.